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2017-09-13 11:45  来源:五毛网 人参与 条评论  字号:T | T

  The grandson of a First World War army hero has stumbled upon an collection of glass slides images which documents the untold lives of Chinese workers who helped Britain win the war.

  Retired property manager John de Lucy rediscovered the rare photo negatives that were given to him 40 years ago when he was rifling through the contents of an old cupboard.

  The images taken by Mr de Lucy's grandfather Lieutenant William James Hawking provide a valuable visual record of the lives Chinese workers endured when nearly 5000 miles away from home where they had to dig trenches unload freight and take munitions to the front.

  Lieutenant Hawkings's family were property traders in Asia when war broke out and while China was neutral in the war the Asian nation allowed forces to hire nearly 100000 workers to make the three-month journey from Shandong to ports in Liverpool and Plymouth where they were then transported to the frontline.




  The jobs that Chinese workers carried out allowed more British soldiers to be freed up for other tasks such as fighting on the frontline in Flanders.

  Chinese recruits had to suffer through gruelling 12 hour workdays six days a week with many remaining in France until 1921 to clear up unexploded bombs from the battlefields.

  Many Chinese recruits also celebrated their traditions in mainland Europe with some even growing their own vegetable gardens for extra food and even winning agricultural shows in Abbeville in 1918.



  当时许多中国劳工还在欧洲大陆庆祝自己的传统节日, 有的甚至开辟菜园来获得更多的食物。 1918年,他们在阿布维尔(法国一城市) 赢得农产品展的冠军。

  Hawkings' third daughter was a fluent Mandarin speaker and was loved by No 12 Labour Corps yet not all Chinese recruits were treated well as many muntined with 27 shot on the streets of Boulogne.


  Chinese workers were originally not meant to serve closer than 10 miles to the frontline but this was reduced to one mile as German artillery bombed the Allied lines.

  Mr de Lucy said: 'I knew there were some boxes from his time in China but had no idea that they were such an important part of history.


  Mr.de Lucy说“我知道这些箱子跟他在中国的那段时间有关,只是没想到他们对那段历史如此重要!

  'I read the title "Chinese Labour Corps" on the box but it meant nothing to me. Yet these men were involved in a crucial part of the war effort. Many of them paid with their lives and their story has seldom been told.'


  He added: 'Because of the difficulty with their names they were given a number on a brass disc that was fixed to their wrists. Their fingerprints were taken to help identity them and Scotland Yard even sent out one of its officers to oversee the task as it was quite a new technique back then.

  'Like most people I had no idea about this part of First World War history and it was certainly not mentioned in the family despite grandpa's involvement.'They are a remarkable legacy and they show that he dealt with them with humanity because in many of the pictures they are smiling and relaxed - they are not formally posed.

  'It is time to recognise their efforts and you wonder what we would have done without them. They helped enormously.'





  There is now a growing campaign for to establish a permanent memorial to the Chinese Labour Corps - a 30-foot marble column - and spread awareness about the role China played in Britain's war efforts.

  现在修建一座永久性纪念碑来纪念中国劳工团的呼声越来越大。纪念碑设计为30英尺高的大理石柱,伴随而来的是对中国在英国历史上战争活动中所做贡献获得广泛认可。Steve Lau chair of the Ensuring We Remember campaign told the Daily Express: 'There are around 40000 First World War memorials in the UK but none to the Chinese who clearly made a significant contribution.

  Steve Lau(“我们保证不忘记”活动组织的主席)告诉《每日快报》记者:“在英国有四万座一战纪念碑,但没有一座用来纪念中国人所作出的巨大贡献”

  'The Chinese community has given huge support for a memorial. We want to rectify the injustice of the Chinese Labour Corps being forgotten. I don't think you can find any other group of 96000 men who do not have a memorial.'



  HomersDad Cheshire United Kingdom 14 hours ago

  Thousands of Chinese workers built the early US railways across thousands of miles of hostile and dangerous land - many lost their lives in the process. When all the various lines were officially opened the Railway Companies made sure not a single Chinese face appeared on any of the publicity photos. Isn't there something in the American Constitution about all people being equal - etc etc!!


  Scotty Mac Hong Kong Hong Kong 4 hours ago

  The same is true of Chinese who contributed to the development of the US where not allowed to become US citizens and where not allowed to vote until the 1960's. And this is the famous US humane rights and democracy at work? US politicians sick to the core.


  Charles London United Kingdom 14 hours ago

  They say you learn something new each day....well I've certainly something new today...I had no idea there were Chinese in the European war theatre ( WW1) they should be recognised!

  我之前并不知道欧洲战场(一战)还有中国人, 他们应该得到认可!

  Walker Leicester United Kingdom 13 hours ago

  We did a tour of the battlefields 2 years ago in many of the cemetery's were one or two graves with the standard CWG headstone but inscxtions in Chinese. We were even more surprised to find comments from family members who had visited their relative size final resting place. It truely was a world war with many countries represented some of whom have remained little known about.


  xredsx tilbury United Kingdom 15 hours ago

  Isn't it amazing how quickly and often different nations and their population changes to either friends or enemy with each other. Propaganda is so effective.

  国家之间朝敌夕友,风云变幻,速度惊人! 这就是宣传的力量。

  D55015 Kettering Northamptonshire United Kingdom 12 hours ago

  I agree we helped China to carry on with the war against Japan sending and collecting money for her then when you look back our country had stronger ties to Japan than the states funny old world


  Scotty Mac Hong Kong Hong Kong 4 hours ago

  Yes like the Vietnamese who are now the best of friends with the US having lost millions of their people as well as the unknown number Cambodians of Cambodians from Agent Orange Landmines and bombings.


  Ewan Whoosarmi Camelot United Kingdom 12 hours ago

  There are lots of graves dedicated to all manner of nationalities. They are cared for with the same level of care as the British and Commonwealth troops' graves. If people bothered to visit these cemeteries and see the sacrifices made for them they would also receive an education.


  Colin Davies Manchester 10 hours ago

  What get off their backsides and visit a cemetery? In France?


  Scotty Mac Hong Kong Hong Kong 4 hours ago

  Empire Troops not Commonwealth this was not so until many years later.


  March West Stony Creek Canada 14 hours ago

  DM your headline screams of another nation who routinely takes credit for winning world wars. Britain did not win the First World War. Victory was achieved through the effort of many countries including the one who routinely takes credit for winning world wars. Doubt me?? There are memorials honouring war dead everywhere.


  Scotty Mac Hong Kong Hong Kong 4 hours ago

  Yes the Empire of the time. And sone British General who lost the plot when ti came to fighting in WWI until NON British generals change the way the war for carried out with great success. It destroyed the fabric of the UK for ever.


  Alan Des Moines Iowa US United States 7 hours ago

  This is a fascinating aspect of the war with which I was unfamiliar. Thanks for presenting this story.

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